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Evolution, propagation and interactions with topography of hurricane-like vortices in a moist-convective rotating shallow-water model

Abstract

The so-called moist-convective shallow-water model, which incorporates moist convection in a simple albeit self-consistent way is used to analyse how intense localized vortices, with distributions of horizontal velocity and relative vorticity close to those observed in tropical cyclones (TC), evolve and interact with topography on the β -plane at low latitudes. Instabilities of such TC-like vortices are studied first in the f -plane approximation, and their development, interplay with beta-gyres and the role they play in vorticity redistribution and intensification are then analysed along the vortex trajectories on the β-plane, both in dry and moist-convective environments. Interactions of the vortices with an idealized topography in the form of zonal and meridional ridges and islands of elliptic form and the role of moist convection in these processes are then investigated, revealing rich vortex-dynamics patterns. The results can be helpful in crude analyses and predictions of the evolution of the barotropic component of TC, of their trajectories over the ocean and during landfall and of related condensation/precipitation patterns.

Bibliography

Rostami, M., Zeitlin, V. (2020): Evolution, propagation and interactions with topography of hurricane-like vortices in a moist-convective rotating shallow-water model. Cambridge University Press – In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 902, p: A24, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2020.567

Authors Rostami, Masoud and Zeitlin, Vladimir
Type article
Title Evolution, propagation and interactions with topography of hurricane-like vortices in a moist-convective rotating shallow-water model
URL https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2020.567
DOI 10.1017/jfm.2020.567
Journal Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Year 2020
Volume 902
Pages A24
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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