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Investigating the last glacial Gravettian site ‘Ságvár Lyukas Hill’ (Hungary) and its paleoenvironmental and geochronological context using a multi-proxy approach.

Abstract

Gravettian population during the last glacial maximum (LGM) was sparse in Europe; this is generally related to harsh environmental conditions. Here we report of geoarcheological investigations (physical, chemical and biological data) of the Ságvár site in the Hungarian part of the Carpathian Basin in southeastern Europe. Geochronological control is given by luminescence dating, which places loess accumulation between 20.6 ± 1.4 ka and 17.7 ± 1.2 ka. This study demonstrates that human occupation at Ságvár did not occur during a rather mild climatic phase, but during a ‘typical’ cold LGM climate. Of the two cultural layers discussed at the section, the upper one can be clearly distinguished in the section by the physical proxy data, while the lower one is observed only in some proxies. Similarly, previous archeological investigations describe a higher tool density in the upper layer. The mollusk composition indicates dry climate for both occupation phases, but the paleoecology of the lower occupation phase suggests also the presence of mosaic spots of wet tundra, which allowed for increased weathering processes in the sediment. These are preserved as indications for weak pedogenesis in the physical and chemical proxy data, although a disturbance of human occupation in the signal cannot be excluded. This study demonstrates the advantages of integrating proxy data of different disciplines.

Resources

url https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.08.010 Accessed 44 times | Last updated 03.07.2018

Bibliography

Bösken, J., Sümegi, P., Zeeden, C., Klasen, N., Gulyás, S., Lehmkuhl, F. (2017): Investigating the last glacial Gravettian site ‘Ságvár Lyukas Hill’ (Hungary) and its paleoenvironmental and geochronological context using a multi-proxy approach.. – In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.08.010

Authors Bösken, Janina and Sümegi, Pál and Zeeden, Christian and Klasen, Nicole and Gulyás, Sándor and Lehmkuhl, Frank
Type article
Title Investigating the last glacial Gravettian site ‘Ságvár Lyukas Hill’ (Hungary) and its paleoenvironmental and geochronological context using a multi-proxy approach.
DOI 10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.08.010
Journal Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Year 2017
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