The culture and dispersal of early modern humans are top priorities of many research agendas. While the debate primarily centers on genetics, dispersal trajectories and points of earliest presence, the context (climate, landscape, demography, culture) of the colonizing process is usually considered in a coarse-grained manner or even ignored. To understand the context of human dispersal and to decipher relevant push and pull factors requires the consideration of multiple environmental proxies and the research on different geographic scales. In this paper, we present the Late Quaternary Carpathian Basin as a specific context area of early modern human dispersal into Europe. The multitude of Early Upper Paleolithic sites in this region suggests that it was part of a major dispersal corridor along the Danube and its catchment area some 40,000 years ago. The Aurignacian land-use model describes the interaction of early modern humans with their environment. One important parameter is the specific distribution of archaeological sites that exemplifies their boundedness to specific eco-zones. To reconstruct the latter, paleo-environmental proxies and archaeological data are examined together in regional vector models and in a GIS based landscape archaeology approach. In the final section, we present the Carpathian Basin as an idiosyncratic habitat that mirrors the dynamics and complexity of early modern human adaptation.
Hauck, T., Lehmkuhl, F., Zeeden, C., Bösken, J., Thiemann, A., Richter, J. (2017): The Aurignacian way of life: Contextualizing early modern human adaptation in the Carpathian Basin. – In: Quaternary International, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.10.020
|Authors||Hauck, Thomas and Lehmkuhl, Frank and Zeeden, Christian and Bösken, Janina and Thiemann, Arne and Richter, Jürgen|
|Title||The Aurignacian way of life: Contextualizing early modern human adaptation in the Carpathian Basin|