Comparison is a cognitive process and a method of acquiring geographical knowledge widely promoted withinschool systems in Germany, France and England. Comparison is an everyday practice, but it is also one of themethods systematically used by geographers and serves various scientific purposes. However, little is knownabout the functions, extent and objectives of comparison tasks in geography education. This study presents ananalysis of 20 textbooks from three countries: Germany, England and France. In this international comparative study we analysed all cognitive tasks involving comparison using qualitative content analysis and descriptive quantitative methods. We developed a reliable classification system for categorising the objectives of comparison tasks. In our results we demonstrated that a large proportion of comparison tasks in textbooks are simple, lower-order tasks. Also, many complex tasks in the three countries involve inductive processes, although we identified some national differences resulting from differing textbook structures. Our system for classifying the objectives of comparison tasks will help develop meaningful tasks, aiming to enhance students’autonomous and critical thinking, and improve their proficiency in the competencies and methods required in geography education.
SIMON BUDKE SCHAEBITZ 2020 Heliyon.pdf Accessed 13 times | Last updated 31.08.2020
Simon, M., Budke, A., Schäbitz, F. (2020): The objectives and uses of comparisons in geography textbooks: results of an international comparative analysis. – In: Heliyon, Vol. 6(8), p: E04420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04420
|Authors||Simon, Marine and Budke, Alexandra and Schäbitz, Frank|
|Title||The objectives and uses of comparisons in geography textbooks: results of an international comparative analysis|