Our study focuses on the ephemeral stream deposits of Wadi Selloum to identify phases of morphodynamic stability (pedogenesis) and activity (flooding) in the direct vicinity of the rock shelter of Ifri n'Ammar (NE Morocco). As one of the oldest settlement sites of anatomically modern humans (AMH) in North Africa, Ifri n'Ammar documents periodical occupations since ~170 ka. Since the discontinuous settlement record may reflect climate forcing with subsequent landscape changes, we aim at reconstructing the palaeoenvironmental variability recorded in the ephemeral stream deposits. In addition to the use of micromorphological, sedimentological, geochemical and mineralogical methods, the geochronological framework of ephemeral stream deposits was established by the application of different luminescence dating techniques.
The deposition ages between 102 ± 8 ka and 1.3 ± 0.2 ka span different morphodynamically stable and active phases. Periods of enhanced aggradation occurred around ~100 ka, ~75 ka, ~55 ka, after the LGM, and during the Holocene, whilst sedimentation ended after ~1.3 ka. TheWadi Selloum might be characterised by enhanced flooding during humid phases. Pedogenesismay be used as environmental indicator formore humid climate conditions during MIS 3 (palaeo-Calcisol), the early Holocene (Calcisol) and the late Holocene (Fluvisol). This study thus provides first insights into the palaeoenvironmental changes around the rock shelter of Ifri n'Ammar during the last glacial-interglacial cycle.
Bartz, M., Rixhon, G., Kehl, M., el Ouahabi, M., Klasen, N., Brill, D., Seeliger, M., Szemkus, N., Eiwanger, J., Weniger, G., Mikdad, A., Brückner, H. (2017): Unravelling fluvial deposition and pedogenesis in ephemeral stream deposits in the vicinity of the prehistoric rock shelter of Ifri n’Ammar (NE Morocco) during the last 100 ka. – In: Catena 152, p: 115-134
|Authors||Bartz, M. and Rixhon, G. and Kehl, M. and El Ouahabi, M. and Klasen, N. and Brill, D. and Seeliger, M. and Szemkus, N. and Eiwanger, J. and Weniger, G.-Ch. and Mikdad, A. and Brückner, H.|
|Title||Unravelling fluvial deposition and pedogenesis in ephemeral stream deposits in the vicinity of the prehistoric rock shelter of Ifri n’Ammar (NE Morocco) during the last 100 ka|