CRC806-Database Data Feed (Atom) http://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/ Back to the lithics: technological comparison of early Upper Palaeolithic assemblages from Al-Ansab/ Jordan, Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa/ Romania and Fumane/ Italy database https://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/dataset/show/back-to-the-lithics-technological-comparison-of-early-upper-palaeolithic-assemblages-fro1633356695/ 2021-10-04T14:11:22+02:00 The dissertation addresses the technological variability in the European and Levantine early Upper Palaeolithic (eUP). The eUP is often linked to the major dispersal event of H. sapiens into Europe and the final affirmation of our species into the Eurasian continent over the 43–38 ka cal BP timespan. The main feature is the introduction of bladelets, elongated items less than 12 mm wide, whose production processes are the hallmark for technocomplexes. The principal difference is the disassociation of blades and bladelets productions, like in the Early Aurignacian and the Northern Ahmarian, or the use of a single core for both products, like in the Protoaurignacian and the Southern Ahmarian. The interpretations of the different technical behaviours are an internal evolution over time, climatic and environmental adaptations or changed mobility strategies. New results downsized the technological differences between the Protoaurignacian and the Early Aurignacian, while the Southern Ahmarian affinity with the Protoaurignacian is still unclear. The analysis brings together three in situ, abundant, early Upper Palaeolithic assemblages, attributed to different technocomplexes: Al-Ansab 1, Românești-Dumbrăvița I GH3 and Grotta di Fumane A1-A2. The aim is to define the technological role of the bladelets and assess variation or similarity between the assemblages. They have been analysed through chaîne opératoire approach corroborated by morpho-technological attributes of laminar blanks. The results point to a generalised production of bladelets. When the production is intercalated between blades and bladelets, the latter are predominantly showing characteristics linked to a primary goal of the knapping. They are using convexities installed by blades or flakes, and they have a much more regular morphology than blades. The results advocate for the rejection of the current taxonomical framework, as of the present technological criteria, and may imply a more complex dynamic of dispersal. Jacopo Gennai 'Core-Areas' (Optimally Describing Isolines) for the Final Palaeolithic of western and central Europe https://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/dataset/show/coreareas-optimally-describing-isolines-for-the-final-palaeolithic-of-western-and-centra1632908826/ 2021-09-29T09:46:58+02:00 The Core Areas (Optimally Describing Isolines) were calculated based on site distribution maps applying the Cologne Protocol. > Publication of Core Areas: Schmidt, I. et al. in prep. (anticipated publication 2022): Schmidt, I., Gehlen, B., Winkler, K., Arrizabalaga, A., Arts, N., Bicho, N., Crombé, Ph., Culakova, K., Grimm, S., Langlais, M., Mevel, L., Naudinot, N., Niekus, M., Peresani, M., Riede, F., Sauer, F., Schön, W., Sobkowiak-Tabaka, I., Vandendriessche, H., Weber, M., Zander, A., Zdeňka, N., Zimmermann, A., & Maier, A. (in prep.). Demographic estimates for hunter-gatherer societies during the Final Palaeolithic in Europe: Mapping and evaluating population dynamics during Greenland Interstadial 1c-a (Alleröd) and Greenland Stadial 1 (Younger Dryas). > Database on site distribution: ibid. > Cologne Protocol: Schmidt, I., Hilpert, J., Kretschmer, I., Peters, R., Broich, M., Schiesberg, S., Vogels, O., Wendt, K. P., Zimmermann, A., & Maier, A. (2021). Approaching Prehistoric Demography: Proxies, Scales and Scope of the Cologne Protocol in European contexts. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B., 376. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0714 Supplementary Information: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.13142921. Isabell Schmidt 'Core-Areas' (Optimally Describing Isolines) for the Magdalenian of western and central Europe https://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/dataset/show/coreareas-optimally-describing-isolines-for-the-magdalenian-of-western-and-central-europ1632907955/ 2021-09-29T09:32:26+02:00 The Core Areas (Optimally Describing Isolines) were calculated based on site distribution maps applying the Cologne Protocol. > Publication of Core Areas: Kretschmer, I. (2015). Demographische Untersuchungen zu Bevölkerungsdichten, Mobilität und Landnutzung im späten Jungpaläolithikum. Kölner Studien zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 6. Rahden/Westf.: Verlag Marie Leidorf. For the online-repository of the database see: https://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/dataset/show/crc806e1magsitesdatabasev201602161480670870/ & Kretschmer, I. (2019). Demographic studies of hunters and gatherers in the European Late Upper Palaeolithic. In Eriksen, B.V., Rensik, E., & Harris, S. (Eds.), The Final Palaeolithic of Northern Eurasia, Proceedings of the Amersfoort, Schleswig and Burgos UISPP Commission Meetings (2019), Kiel, Steve-Holger Ludwig, Schriften des Museums für Archäologie Schloss Gottorf (pp. 231-245). Ergänzungsreihe 13. Kiel: Ludwig. > Database on site distribution: CRC806_E1_MAG_sites_Database_V20160216.xlsx > Cologne Protocol: Schmidt, I., Hilpert, J., Kretschmer, I., Peters, R., Broich, M., Schiesberg, S., Vogels, O., Wendt, K. P., Zimmermann, A., & Maier, A. (2021). Approaching Prehistoric Demography: Proxies, Scales and Scope of the Cologne Protocol in European contexts. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B., 376. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0714 Supplementary Information: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.13142921.v1 Isabell Schmidt 'Core-Areas' (Optimally Describing Isolines) for the Last Glacial Maximum of western and central Europe https://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/dataset/show/coreareas-optimally-describing-isolines-for-the-last-glacial-maximum-of-western-and-cent1632907406/ 2021-09-29T09:23:18+02:00 The Core Areas (Optimally Describing Isolines) were calculated based on site distribution maps applying the Cologne Protocol. > Publication of Core Areas: Maier, A., Lehmkuhl, F., Ludwig, P., Melles, M., Schmidt, I., Shao, Y., Zeeden, C., & Zimmermann, A. (2016). Demographic estimates of hunter-gatherers during the Last Glacial Maximum in Europe against the background of palaeoenvironmental data. Quaternary International , 425, 49-61. > Database on site distribution: Maier, A., & Zimmermann, A. (2016). CRC806-E1 LGM-Sites Database V-20150313, CRC806-Database, http://dx.doi.org/10.5880/SFB806.12. > Cologne Protocol: Schmidt, I., Hilpert, J., Kretschmer, I., Peters, R., Broich, M., Schiesberg, S., Vogels, O., Wendt, K. P., Zimmermann, A., & Maier, A. (2021). Approaching Prehistoric Demography: Proxies, Scales and Scope of the Cologne Protocol in European contexts. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B., 376. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0714 Supplementary Information: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.13142921.v1 Isabell Schmidt 'Core-Areas' (Optimally Describing Isolines) for the Gravettian of western and central Europe https://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/dataset/show/coreareas-optimally-describing-isolines-for-the-gravettian-of-western-and-central-europe1632906904/ 2021-09-29T09:14:56+02:00 The Core Areas (Optimally Describing Isolines) were calculated based on site distribution maps applying the Cologne Protocol. The Gravettian dataset is subdivided into two phases (P1 and P2) and Core Areas were calculated separately. > Publication of Core Areas: Maier, A., & Zimmermann, A. (2017). Populations headed south? The Gravettian from a palaeodemographic point of view. Antiquity, 91(357), 573–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2017.37 > Database on site distribution: Maier, A., & Zimmermann, A. (2016). CRC806-E1 Gravettian-Sites Database V-20160219, CRC806-Database, http://dx.doi.org/10.5880/SFB806.18. > Cologne Protocol: Schmidt, I., Hilpert, J., Kretschmer, I., Peters, R., Broich, M., Schiesberg, S., Vogels, O., Wendt, K. P., Zimmermann, A., & Maier, A. (2021). Approaching Prehistoric Demography: Proxies, Scales and Scope of the Cologne Protocol in European contexts. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B., 376. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0714 Supplementary Information: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.13142921.v1 Isabell Schmidt