CRC806-Database Data Feed (Atom) Nacheinander, nebeneinander oder miteinander? Jäger-Sammler und Ackerbauern in der Blätterhöhle. Archäologische und naturwissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse zum spätpaläolithischen, mesolithischen und neolithischen Fundplatz in Hagen, Nordrhein- Westfalen 2018-11-19T14:05:39+01:00 Aktueller Stand der Forschungen in der Blätterhöhle und ihrem Vorplatz: Forschungsgeschichte, Stratigraphie, Befunde, Datierungen, Funde, Isotopenanalysen, Genetik. Birgit Gehlen Where settlements and the landscape merge: towards an integrated approach to the spatial dimension of social relations 2018-11-19T11:48:25+01:00 The separation between ‘settlement’ and ‘landscape’ is deeply entrenched in European thought and also in the worldview of many agrarian societies. In anthropology this is reflected in the distinct development of an anthropology of landscape on the one hand and an anthropology of built forms. The comparative use of permeability maps is introduced in this chapter as a promising route towards cross-fertilisation between these two hitherto separate bodies of theory and data. Permeability, the ways in which space allows or prevents humans from passing through places, is particularly relevant for our understanding of the fuzzy zone where settlements and the landscape merge. More generally, permeability maps help us to explore a more dynamic view of the relationship between spatial and social relations because they allow us to consider what one may call the ‘social agency of space’. The case material presented in this chapter was collected in the course of field research with ≠ Akhoe Hai//om ‘San’ or ‘Bushmen’ and their neighbours in northern Namibia but an explicit comparative perspective is taken that leads beyond this region. Stephan Henn No Easy Talk about the Weather: Eliciting “Cultural Models of Nature” among Hai//om 2018-11-19T11:31:19+01:00 The Nambian Hai//om case study helps to develop a wider notion of culture as “cultivation”: Cultivation in this sense clearly not only applies to the land (things, materials) or to challenges provided by external natural changes such as climate change. Rather, cultivation – in the sense of creating, maintaining and altering cultural categories and the cultural ways of dealing with causalities – seamlessly involves social relationships and man-made conditions. The Hai//om notion of “environment” prototypically includes elements of the man-made environment and seamlessly merges with elements that in elsewhere are considered to be part of the natural environment. For Hai//om there is no reason for separating two categorical domains from the start in that they are intervowen. Cultural models not only differ in their internal categorizations but also in the way in which any cultural model can be expected to be able to structure and shape the world. Stephan Henn Seeking common cause between Cognitive Science and Ethnography: a role for a nonmonotonic logic in cooperative action 2018-11-19T11:17:18+01:00 Alternative logics have been invoked periodically to explain the systematically different modes of thought of the subjects of ethnography: one logic for ‘us’ and another for ‘them’. Recently anthropologists have cast doubt on the tenability of such an explanation of difference. In cognitive science, [Stenning and van Lambalgen, 2008] proposed that with the modern development of multiple logics, at least several logics are required for making sense of the cognitive processes of reasoning for different purposes and in different contexts. Alongside Classical logic (CL) — the logic of dispute), there is a need for a nonmonotonic logic (LP) which is a logic of cooperative communication. Here we propose that all people with various cultural backgrounds make use of multiple logics, and that difference should be captured as variation in the social contexts that call forth the different logics’ application. This contribution illustrates these ideas with reference to the ethnography of divination. Stephan Henn Any future in climate change? Eliciting Frames of Reference in sub-Saharan Africa 2018-11-19T11:07:46+01:00 Summary of the Volume: Drawing on the ethnographic experience of the contributors, this volume explores the Cultural Models of Nature found in a range of food-producing communities located in climate-change affected areas. These Cultural Models represent specific organizations of the etic categories underlying the concept of Nature (i.e. plants, animals, the physical environment, the weather, humans, and the supernatural). The adoption of a common methodology across the research projects allows Bennardo to draw meaningful cross-cultural comparisons between these communities. The research will be of interest to scholars and policy makers actively involved in research and solution-providing in the climate change arena. Stephan Henn