CRC806-Database Data Feed (Atom) Distribution Maps of Early Neolithic in Central Europe and in Rhineland 2019-06-07T10:47:47+02:00 The distribution of early Neolithic Bandkeramik sites is represented in two scales (central Europe and Rhineland) by detailed point distribution patterns and generalized polygons of high density areas. Location of sites is derived by digitizing published maps. Data: for central Europe from PREUSS (ed.) 1998 Map 1; for Rhineland from RICHTER / CLAßEN 1997 The method to delimit high density areas in a standardized way follows a protocol with six steps (see below point 4). This combination of methods is published e. g. by Hilpert et al. 2008 and Zimmermann et al. 2009. More details in Zimmermann et al. 2004. Scientific questions: These maps were used to estimate population densities for different periods of time (most recent reference Wendt et al. 2010). In case of the early Neolithic the optimal isoline is chosen by the 4km radius of the LEC for the scale level Rhineland; for central Europe the optimal isoline is chosen by the 3.5 km radius of the LEC. Web publication: 1. Shape files of point distribution patterns for central Europe in two projections. Access to high precision coordinates at a scale such as Rhineland allowing localisation of archaeological sites in the terrain is limited due to protection reason. 2. Shape files of polygons of high site densities for Rhineland and central Europe in two projections each. 3. Spreadsheet to document selection of optimal isoline delimiting high density areas for Rhineland and central Europe. Collecting data and creating GIS datasets was conducted within the Rhine-LUCIFS-Project funded by German Research Foundation from 2002 until 2017 ( LUCIFS is part of the PAGES framework. LUCIFS = Land Use and Climate Impact on Fluvial Systems during the period of agriculture PAGES = Past Global Changes Karl Peter Wendt;Isabell Schmidt;Andreas Zimmermann From Demography to Spatial-Networks 2019-06-04T12:51:53+02:00 Research about the demography and mobility of hunter-gatherer groups has important implications for the evolution and history of humankind. It not only helps in understanding the movement and dispersion of people, but also the transmission of culture, genes, and diseases. Both demography and mobility of hunter-gatherers are impacted by their individual social networks. Likewise, these social networks are constituted by demography and mobility. Existing mobility models used in hunter-gatherer studies often neglect this socially constituted mobility in favor of resource-oriented mobility. Demographic simulations can account for social relations (kinship), but often don’t have a spatial reference. A complete picture, however, needs a combined approach. This study aims at integrating demographic and spatial data: A first step is the replication of a simulation of a specific case of hunter-gatherer demography called AMBUSH. In a second step, the simulation will use the kinship links generated by the demographic processes as providing options for the movements of individuals and families. Stephan Henn A new Dead Sea pollen record reveals the last glacial paleoenvironment of the southern Levant 2019-05-16T11:23:59+02:00 The southern Levant is a key region for studying vegetation developments in relation to climate dynamics and hominin migration processes in the past due to the sensitivity of the vegetation to climate variations and the long history of different anthropogenic occupation phases. However, paleoenvironmental conditions in the southern Levant during the Late Pleistocene were still insufficiently understood. Therefore, we investigated the vegetation and fire history of the Dead Sea region during the last glacial period. We present a new palynological study conducted on sediments of Lake Lisan, the last glacial precursor of the Dead Sea. The sediments were recovered from the center of the modern Dead Sea within an ICDP campaign. The palynological results suggest that Irano-Turanian steppe and Saharo-Arabian desert vegetation prevailed in the Dead Sea region during the investigated period (ca. 88,000–14,000 years BP). Nevertheless, Mediterranean woodland elements significantly contributed to the vegetation composition, suggesting moderate amounts of available water for plants. The early last glacial was characterized by dynamic climate conditions with pronounced dry phases and high but unstable fire activity. Anatomically modern humans entered the southern Levant during a climatically stable phase (late MIS 4–MIS 3) with diverse habitats, constant moisture availability, and low fire activity. MIS 2 was the coldest phase of the investigated timeframe, causing changes in woodland composition and a widespread occurrence of steppe. We used a biome modeling approach to assess regional vegetation patterns under changing climate conditions and to evaluate different climate scenarios for the last glacial Levant. The study provides new insights into the environmental responses of the Dead Sea region to climate variations through time. It contributes towards our understanding of the paleoenvironmental conditions in the southern Levant, which functioned as an important corridor for human migration processes. Andrea Miebach CURRENT SAMPLE PREPARATION AND ANALYTICAL CAPABILITIES OF THE RADIOCARBON LABORATORY AT COLOGNEAMS 2019-05-14T09:12:27+02:00 This work summarizes the methodical capabilities, improvements, and new developments in the radiocarbon laboratory of the accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) facility at the University of Cologne, Germany, which was established in 2010. During the past years, the laboratory has specialized in the analysis of small and gaseous samples. We thus, recently installed a second ion source dedicated for radiocarbon (14C) analysis of CO2 samples at our 6 MV Tandetron AMS from High Voltage Engineering Europe B.V. that is coupled with the gas injection system from Ionplus and an EuroVector EA 3000 elemental analyzer. This work summarizes all pretreatment methods and analytical facilities established in our laboratory during the last years including 14C analysis of individual organic compounds and of CO2 trapped on molecular sieves. We also report different blank values including our long-term blank since 2011, which is for normal-sized, solid samples (650–1000 µg C) 0.0012 ± 0.0004 F14C (54,305 ± 2581 yr BP, n = 484). The precision obtained for modern samples measured as graphite is 0.5% and for gaseous samples injected with the GIS ≤2%. Christian Willmes Population dynamics and socio-spatial organization of the Aurignacian: Scalable quantitative demographic data for western and central Europe 2019-05-08T11:42:26+02:00 Demographic estimates are presented for the Aurignacian techno-complex (~42,000 to 33,000 y calBP) and discussed in the context of socio-spatial organization of hunter-gatherer populations. Results of the analytical approach applied estimate a mean of 1,500 persons (upper limit: 3,300; lower limit: 800) for western and central Europe. The temporal and spatial analysis indicates an increase of the population during the Aurignacian as well as marked regional differences in population size and density. Demographic increase and patterns of socio-spatial organization continue during the subsequent early Gravettian period. We introduce the concept of Core Areas and Extended Areas as informed analytical spatial scales, which are evaluated against additional chronological and archaeological data. Lithic raw material transport and personal ornaments serve as correlates for human mobility and connectedness in the interpretative framework of this study. Observed regional differences are set in relation with the new demographic data. Our large-scale approach on Aurignacian population dynamics in Europe suggests that past socio-spatial organization followed socially inherent rules to establish and maintain a functioning social network of extremely low population densities. The data suggest that the network was fully established across Europe during the early phase of the Gravettian, when demographic as well as cultural developments peaked. Isabell Schmidt